Testing for infectious diseases, genetic tests for inherited diseases, oncology test and testing for predisposition to disease linked to disease states, where the test involves detection of specific molecules, such as DNA, antibodies, or proteins. To diagnose infectious diseases, microbial assays have been used, genetic tests have been used for inherited diseases, in the field of oncology, DNA tests have been used for screening for cancer, qualitative nucleic acid tests have been used for confirmation of hepatitis C virus infection and for screening blood donations. Molecular diagnostic test requires both analytical and clinical evaluations. These techniques apply molecular biology for medical testing to diagnose symptomatic individuals, screen asymptomatic individuals, monitor disease, provide prognosis in diseased patients, detect risk, and select patients for specific therapies.
- Analytical and clinical evaluations