Clinical Research and Clinical Pathology
The study of health and illness in people, where we learn how to prevent, diagnose and treat illness is Clinical research. It helps translate research done in labs into new treatments that benefits the patients. From clinical trials, to research in physiology ,epidemiology and pathophysiology, health services, education, outcomes and mental health, falls under Clinical Research. Clinical trials are long, careful process that takes years to complete and is usually done to determine if new drugs are safe and effective. Initially the new treatment is tested in the lab, then tested in animals. If it has promising results, then it is treated in people via aclinical trial. Depending on what the researchers are studying, clinical research is categorized into different kinds such as Treatment Research, Diagnostic Research, Prevention Research, Screening Research, Genetic studies, Quality of Life Research andEpidemiological.
On the other hand, Clinical pathology covers a wide range of laboratory functions and is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. Healthcare providers with special training, who often direct all of the special divisions of the lab are Clinical pathologists. This includes clinical chemistry and biology, blood bank, immunology and serology, toxicology, hematology and microbiology. Maintenance of information systems, research, and quality control are also involved with Clinical pathology. The other branches of pathology include Anatomic pathology, Cytopathology, Forensic pathology and Molecular pathology.